Abstract Detail

Comparative Genomics/Transcriptomics

Qiu, Yichun [1], Adams, Keith [2].

Divergence of duplicated genes by repeated partitioning of splice forms and subcellular localization.

Gene duplication is a prominent and recurrent process in plant genomes. Among the possible fates of duplicated genes, subfunctionalization refers to duplicates taking on different parts of the function or expression pattern of the ancestral gene. This partitioning could be accompanied by changes in subcellular localization of the protein products. We propose that when alternative splicing of gene products leads to protein products with different subcellular localizations, after gene duplication there will be partitioning of the alternatively spliced forms such that the products of each duplicate are localized to only one of the original locations which we refer to as sub-localization. We identified the plastid ascorbate peroxidase (cpAPX) genes across angiosperms and analyzed their duplication history, alternative splicing, and subcellular targeting patterns, to identify cases of sub-localization. We found angiosperms typically have one cpAPX gene that generates both thylakoidal APX (tAPX) and stromal APX (sAPX) through alternative splicing. We identified several independent lineage-specific sub-localization cases with specialized paralogs of tAPX and sAPX. We determined that the sub-localization happened through two types of sequence evolution patterns. Our findings suggest that the divergence through sub-localization is key to the retention of paralogous cpAPX genes in angiosperms. Sub-localization is a new type of divergence between duplicated genes.

1 - UBC, Botany, 6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
2 - University of British Columbia, Botany Department

Gene Duplication
duplicated genes
molecular evolution
subcellular targeting
alternative splicing
Gene expression.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper
Session: CG2, Functional & Comparative Genetics/Genomics II
Location: Virtual/Virtual
Date: Wednesday, July 29th, 2020
Time: 3:30 PM
Number: CG2003
Abstract ID:841
Candidate for Awards:None

Copyright © 2000-2020, Botanical Society of America. All rights reserved